Chief Justice Hughes, U.S. Supreme Court, held; (Lovell vs. City of Griffen, Ga., Vol. 58, #12, 4/15/38) "The liberty of the press is not confined to newspapers and periodicals. It necessarily embraces pamphlets and leaflets. Liberty of circulation is as essential to the freedom as liberty of publishing. Indeed, without circulation, the publication would be of little value."

Similarly, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Black, in 1943 decided: "We think the judgment (against two tract distributors) must be reversed because the Dallas ordinance denies the appellant (the wrongfully accused woman) the freedom of press and religion guaranteed to her by the First and Fourteenth Amendments of the federal Constitution...One who is rightfully on a street which the state has left open to the public carries with him there, as elsewhere, the constitutional right to express his views in an orderly fashion. This right extends to the communication of ideas by handbills and literature, as well as the spoken word."


The U.S. Supreme Court, 6/7/48, "Saia vs. NY." Legalized use of loud speakers in public places. Cities may, by local ordinances, control excessive noise, and time and place (public places like parks should be left open) but cannot ban loudspeakers, or censor "annoying ideas." This is your constitutional right, and the Supreme Court said that no local police should make persons lose time in court to prove a right which is already theirs.


Justice Roberts, U.S. Supreme Court, in Nov. 1939 decided: "The freedom of speech and of the press secured by the First Amendment against abridgment by the U.S. is similarly secured to all persons by the Fourteenth Amendment, Section One, against abridgment by a state. Although a municipality may enact regulations in the interest of the public safety, health, welfare, or convenience.

These may not abridge the individual liberties secured by the constitution to those who wish to speak, write, print, or circulate information or opinions. We hold a municipality cannot require all who wish to disseminate ideas to present them first to police authorities for their consideration and approval." Justice Black in 1946, also similarly held these rights also extend to company owned towns and Federal Villages.

U.S. Supreme Court Justice Douglas on 7/22/48 held that "subjecting the right to hold street meetings to the discretion of city officials, or the payment of a fee, interfered with the constitutional rights of free speech and free assembly."

Amendment 1 (Adopted 1791)

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people to peaceably assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

Amendment 14 Section 1 (Adopted 1868)

All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any persons of life, liberty, property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.