John 6:36-40
John 6:36 (KJB)
But I said unto you, That ye also have seen me, and believe not.
They physically saw Jesus and knew it was Him who performed the miracle of the multiplying of the fishes and loaves, and yet they did not believe Him. This is a great spiritual principle in that visible signs do not engender belief in Jesus. In fact signs do not even increase the faith of an existing believer. (Mat 12:39 KJV) But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: They sought a sign from Jesus but Jesus calls those who require signs as evil and adulterous, it is evil because they are tempting God to prove Himself by a sign and it is adulterous because it adulterates the true Gospel which we receive by faith and not by sight. (2 Cor 5:7 KJV) (For we walk by faith, not by sight:)
John 6:37 (KJB)
All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.
All - Every, each, or everyone
Giveth - Hand over or entrust
Shall come - Be present (Future Indicative Active)
This verse is packed with two biblical doctrines: Election and Eternal Security. In the previous verse Jesus had stated that these people have seen Him and they did not believe. This was because they were not qualified to believe and that is why they needed a sign because signs are for unbelievers. In this verse Jesus is stating that all that the Father gives Him will come to Him. The ones that the Father is giving Him are the ones whose names were written in the Lamb’s Book of Life before the foundation of the world. (Rev 13:8 KJV) And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. The ones who are given to Jesus are the elect of God and because they are named or predestined for salvation, they will come to the Lord Jesus Christ. The word in the Greek for “shall come” is in the future tense, Active voice, and Indicative mood. This means that those who are the elect of God will come to the Lord Jesus Christ for salvation. Being that the word is future tense, it is telling us that salvation was not only for that time but will continue until the last day. Now here is where those who believe in free will become confused. The word is in the “indicative mood and active voice” which means the person who is called is coming to the Lord Jesus Christ, they are doing the action of coming. They are not coming out of some type of mythical free will but they are coming to the Lord Jesus Christ for salvation because they were qualified by the Father to hear and understand the Gospel plus they were named for salvation. When a Gospel message is preached and someone walks the aisle stating they want to become saved, it is not out of some free will, it is because they are being qualified to hear and understand the Gospel, something which an unbeliever cannot do because they are spiritually dead. A person must be qualified to respond to the Gospel and that qualification is salvation itself which regenerates the person and gives them spiritual ears. (Mat 11:15 KJV) He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. Jesus used that example many times and He was not speaking of physical hearing but spiritual hearing. (Luke 24:45 KJV) Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, The opening of the spiritual ears of the disciples on the road to Emmaus is done for every believer throughout history. Previously I mentioned Martin Luther and his spiritual ears were opened and that phrase could actually be understood as a person’s spiritual understanding being opened.
Then in the second half of this verse, Jesus states that those who come to Him, He will never cast out which means that those who become saved will have eternal security. It is a shame that many churches teach a person can lose their salvation. The problem is that they did not earn it, so how could they lose what they did not earn. If a person can lose their salvation, then the sacrifice of Christ was insufficient because it did not have the power to keep a believer after initial salvation. Those who believe this teaching forget one very major biblical tenet and that is that Christ removed every vestige of sin from our souls and they are completely clean. When Christ went to the cross, all our sins were in the future which means they were all paid for and removed. We were judged in Christ and found not guilty because all our sins were expunged.
(Psa 103:12 KJV) As far as the east is from the west, so far hath he removed our transgressions from us.
(Col 2:13-14 KJV) And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses; {14} Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross;
(Isa 43:25 KJV) I, even I, am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins.
So if all our sins have been removed through Christ, then what sin is left to cause us to lose our salvation? The answer is none!
John 6:38 (KJB)
For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me.
Will - Desire, determination or purpose
Here Jesus is teaching us plainly that He has come to do the Father’s will. This shows a complete unity between the Lord Jesus Christ and His Father. The will of the Father is to see those whose names were written in the Lamb’s Book of Life come to salvation. So Jesus is showing here that He and the Father are unified in purpose. This verse must never be taken to teach that Jesus is less than God. He is the second person of the triune God and being in the flesh does not change that one bit.
John 6:39 (KJB)
And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day.
Raise - Bring to life or rise again
Once again Jesus is reiterating the principle taught in verse 37. The will of God is that true believers are given to the Lord Jesus Christ so they may believe on Him. All the believers are safe in Christ and will never be lost or will ever lose their salvation. There are too many who teach erroneously that a person can lose their salvation. If one is truly saved, by grace, they can never lose their salvation and this verse, along with verse 37, is confirming that fact. Here Jesus introduces another great Christian tenet. In the last part of this verse, Jesus states that He is going to raise all the believers on the last day. So even if a person dies before the return of Christ and let’s say their body is completely destroyed in an explosion, they will never be lost. Now there is a teaching which permeates most churches and is believed by the majority of Christians that the rapture of the Saints is going to be 1,007 years before Judgment Day. This is an erroneous teaching since verse 39 is the first of 6 verses in John which declares that all the true believers in Christ will be raised from the dead on the last day. We saw in John 5:28-29, that there is going to be one general resurrection and this verse confirms that the resurrection will be on the last day because Jesus will raise the believer on the last day. Let us not add to the word of God and attempt to make this last day the last day of some mythical church age. It is pointing to the last day of man’s recorded history. In other words, when the rapture of the Saints occurs, then Judgment Day for the unbeliever is simultaneous.
John 6:40 (KJB)
And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.
Seeth - To perceive, look on as a spectator, observe, perceive, view or notice
Raise - Bring to life or rise again
Here is another verse with a very important principle. Jesus continues to teach what the will of God the Father is. Here Jesus adds something very important which is as apropos for today as it was back in the time of Jesus. In Jesus’ day there were many curiosity seekers who wanted to see Jesus because of the miracles He performed. Just as those who followed Him across the Sea of Galilee and wanted to see a sign, are akin to those today who want to see a healing or someone made wealthy as a sign. The word “seeth” in this verse carries with it the idea of not only physically seeing but to be contemplating in a studious manner, much more than a surface look. There are many today who study Jesus, but not as the Savior, but only as a historical figure. So they fulfill the part where they want to see the Son but not in a salvation setting. The will of God for the true believer is that they contemplate or study the Son, as we are doing now, but it is imperative that a person believes on Him. This means that having only an intellectual knowledge of Jesus, such as many religions today, is not enough. Since believing is a work, this verse is also teaching that those who will believe must be qualified to do so and they are qualified by being saved before they can believe.
The word “may” in the Greek is a subjunctive mood verb which means it is “the mood of condition.” Those who will have everlasting life must, along with seeing Jesus in His day or having an intellectual picture of Jesus, must be coupled with believing, which means they must be saved, in other words, for a person to have everlasting life, their condition must be one of being saved. Then Jesus makes the second of six declarations that those who are saved but who have died before His return, will be raised up or brought back to life again on the last day. I do not know how anyone can proclaim that the rapture of the Saints and Judgment Day are 1,007 years apart when this verse, along with the other five, speak so plainly that the rapture is on the last day.