John 2:11-15
John 2:11 (KJB)
This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him.
John now states that the turning of water into wine was the beginning of miracles which would become a part of the ministry of the Lord Jesus Christ. This miracle had revealed his glory by reason of the fact that He made wine out of water, which was an act of creation and transformation. The disciples which were with Him had now believed on Him and I am sure that Nathanael’s faith was definitely increased when he witnessed the miracle. Here the disciples believed on Jesus but during His ministry, their faith would vacillate by what Jesus was teaching them along the way. This miracle at Cana was considered a mountaintop experience where the miraculous working power of God was seen first hand and that would definitely cause belief in the person doing the miracles. Now it must be pointed out that it was the disciples that believed but we are not told if the guests or the servants believed on Him. The servants knew who turned the water into wine but this is a good example that salvation is not by belief in miracles but by the electing grace of God.
John 2:12 (KJB)
After this he went down to Capernaum, he, and his mother, and his brethren, and his disciples: and they continued there not many days.
After the wedding at Cana, Jesus and His family plus the disciples had gone to Capernaum which is about 18 miles from Cana. Jesus may have decided to go to Capernaum because it was a bigger town than Cana plus those in Nazareth had rejected the fact He was the Messiah. (Mark 6:3 KJV) Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him. He only stayed a short time in Capernaum. Many of the disciples of Jesus were from Capernaum.
John 2:13 (KJB)
And the Jews' passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem,
The Passover was coming close and Jesus had gone up to Jerusalem. Since Jerusalem was about 80 miles from Capernaum, this would have been a multi-day trip. An average person can walk about 20 miles before they would have to make camp. Keep in mind they walked in sandals and not the advanced shoe technology we have today so walking would have been much more tedious especially with stones getting in the sandals.
John 2:14 (KJB)
And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:
Jesus had gone to the Temple and in fulfillment of another prophecy found in Malachi 3:1 concerning the Lord suddenly coming to his temple. (Mal 3:1 KJV) Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts. The first thing the Lord saw was the moneychangers and the merchants who were selling animals for sacrifice. Jesus knew that they were cheating the people and were making this a business rather than a spiritual event. These salesmen were making very big money for the corrupt Pharisees, Scribes, and Sadducees. They were charging outrageous rates for the conversion of the money and on top of that they were charging too much for sacrificial animals.
John 2:15 (KJB)
And when he had made a scourge of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers' money, and overthrew the tables;
This was the first cleansing of the temple and the second was about 4 days before Jesus was crucified. He made a scourge of small cords. We are not told what the cords were made of, they could have been made of rope or even the hides of sacrificial animals. Whatever it was made of, it did the job. Jesus knew that they had turned the temple into a corrupt religious business and His anger was kindled against those who turned the temple into a business. This was because Jesus knew that the temple was a foreshadow of Himself and they corrupted that type by profiteering. This is why the could not recognize the Lord Jesus Christ as the Messiah because they corrupted the type and therefore made it unidentifiable and since the type was unidentifiable, the anti-type was unidentifiable. Before we blame them, the same thing is going on today all over the world. Have you ever walked into a pseudo-Christian bookstore? Did you look around and see that they have taken the name of Jesus and placed it on, anything they can possibly make a sale on? These unsaved publishers along with the oblivious Christian bookstore owners fail to realize that the name “Jesus” is another name for God. Lest we forget the following: (Exo 20:7 KJV) Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. Using the name “Jesus” to make money is nothing less or more than what they did at the temple at the time of Jesus.