John 18:11-15
John 18:11 (KJB)
Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?
Jesus then tells Peter to put away his word because the cup which God the Father had prepared for His Son must be drunk by Him. This was Godís salvation plan for the Elect of God and it could not be hindered in any manner, even if intentions were good they would still be against Godís plan. The disciples were probably bewildered as to why Jesus was surrendering to them. They still did not understand, after all the times Jesus told them this would happen, yet it seemed that they were still in unbelief about these events. Jesus had told them these things would happen just a few hours ago but they seemed to allow their emotions to override what Jesus taught them.
John 18:12 (KJB)
Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,
The time for talk was over as the crowd now took Jesus and bound Him and led Him away. They probably would not have bound Him except for the fact that they may have feared that a battle was about to take place and they wanted to stop it fast so they bound Him and took Him. How quickly this band forgot that just by the words of Jesus they were thrown to the ground. Maybe they remembered that Elijah called down fire from Heaven ( 2 Kings 1) on groups of 50 men who wanted to take him and this group may have wanted to get this task done fast.
John 18:13 (KJB)
And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.
Here was the first part of the illegal trial. Jesus should not have been taken to Annas because he held no rank in the temple except he was Father in law to Caiaphas. Annas probably still held much sway and was probably wealthy and influential in the temple and that is why they brought Jesus there first. They probably wanted to get his advice as how to proceed in getting rid of Jesus.
John 18:14 (KJB)
Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.
Expedient - Advantageous or profitable
(John 11:49-50 KJV) And one of them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all, {50} Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not. God reminds us here that Caiaphas was the one who stated that Jesus should die instead of the Romans destroying the whole country. He reminds us for two reasons, 1) that even those in religious leadership can be as evil and conspiratorial as any other unbeliever, and 2) it was a prophecy that Jesus would be the substitute sacrifice on Calvary for the whole nation of the Elect.
John 18:15 (KJB)
And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest.
The second disciple which went in to the palace of the High Priest was probably John because in his writings he never mentions his name. John probably thought that since he knew the High Priest, maybe he could offer some defense of Jesus. It is not known how John knew the High Priest unless his family was wealthy and influential in the community. The wealthy sequester themselves among themselves such as places like Beverly Hills in California. The wealthy also had their own communities in ancient times and if that was the case, then John would have known the High Priest through his family and probably while growing up.