The Characteristics of Vaticanus and Sinaiticus
 
As I continue to bring you verses each week which are mutilated in the modern versions, I mention two manuscripts on a regular basis. Those two manuscripts being the Sinaiticus and Vaticanus. To better understand why these two manuscripts differ so much from the Textus Receptus, I would like to describe these manuscripts to you so you may see how corrupt they are which means they are absolutely unreliable, yet the modern scholar sees these two manuscripts as the crowning glory of manuscripts and they believe that God has preserved these manuscripts to give us a better Bible. When we look at the characteristics of these manuscripts we will see if God is the one who really endorses them or is it Satan’s people who could better identify with them.

The History
(Acts 20:29 KJV) For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock.

The Apostle Paul knew that Satan would waste no time in planting his false prophets and scholars in the church. Paul’s prophecy was right on target because no sooner was the Bible completed, Satan had already launched a campaign to destroy it by using intellectuals and Gnostics. The Apostle John had died about 100 AD and in the same year a man named Justin Martyr was born. Martyr combined Christianity with Greek Philosophy when he preached.

“Justin Martyr (d c 165 AD) was a Christian Apologist and Martyr. He was born around the turn of the century in modern day Palestine. He claimed to have been raised a Gentile, and in his search for truth he studied with the Stoics, Aristotelians, Pythagoreans, and Platonists. Impressed by the devotion of Christian martyrs, he was eventually converted to Christianity by an old Christian who taught him about the Hebrew prophets. According to Justin, Christianity filled the highest aspirations of Platonic philosophy and was, therefore, the "true philosophy." During the reign of Antoninus Pius he taught in Rome, influencing Tatian and Irenaeus. He was one of the first to consistently use Greek philosophy (especially Platonism) to explain Christian doctrine, thereby setting himself in dramatic opposition to Tertullian, who would ask "what does Athens have to do with Jerusalem?" The Logos (God immanent), he believed, was "other than" the Father (God transcendent) in number, but not in will. Three of his writings, The First Apology, The Second Apology, and The Dialogue with Trypho, the Jew, exist in complete form, though there is some question about the precise relationship between the First and Second Apology. Justin, a central figure in the history of second century Christian thought, suffered martyrdom early in the reign of Marcus Aurelius under Junius Rusticus (prefect 162-168 AD)” ----- Elise M. Bender

A student of Justin Martyr was a man named Tatian. Tatian had recorded Justin Martyr’s heresies and placed them in a Bible version called “The Diatesseron” about 150 AD. About this time some Christian missionaries went from Antioch to Alexandria, Egypt where they wanted to reach the pagan philosophers. Keep in mind that in the Bible Egypt represents the kingdom of Satan and the world. Although the Diatesseron had some Textus Receptus readings in it, it was considered to be corrupted. In fact, a Syrian Bishop named Theodoret (397-457 AD) found 200 copies of it in his church and threw them out. Tatian had a student named Clement (Not Clement of Rome) who founded the school at Alexandria, Egypt around 200 AD. This school was solely for intellectuals and philosophers. They scorned the Christians at Antioch as morons and know-nothings. Clement was a great believer and proponent of the Gnostic heresies of the day and his influence over his students was great. His most famous student was Adamantius Origen (184-254 AD) who was an Arian.

Origen was a heretic and Gnostic and along with Clement of Alexandria helped to corrupt the manuscripts giving us the false versions of today. Here are some of Adamantius Origen's beliefs. When he taught, he wore the pagan robes of the pagan philosopher plus he castrated himself based on his Gnostic views of the evil of the flesh.

1) He believed the Holy Spirit was a feminine force.
2) He believed in Soul Sleep
3) He was a very strong proponent of Baptismal regeneration
4) He believed that Jesus was only a created being and Gnosticism taught that Jesus became Christ at his baptism but that he was
     never God. He was a just a good man with very high morals.
5) He believed in the doctrine of Purgatory
6) He believed in transubstantiation
7) He believed in the transmigration of the soul and reincarnation of the soul.
8) He doubted the temptations of Jesus in Scripture and claimed they could have never happened.
9) The Scriptures were not literal. He was the father of allegory.
10) Genesis 1-3 was a myth, not historical or literal, as there was no actual person named "Adam."
11) Based upon Matthew 19, a true man of God should be castrated, which he did to himself.
12) He taught eternal life was not a gift, instead one must grab hold of it and retain it.
13) Christ enters no man until they mentally grasp the understanding of the consummation of the ages. (It was Frederick Dennison
       Maurice in the 19th century who defined eternal life as coming to a knowledge of God. This is the essence of Gnosticism.)
14) He taught there would be no physical resurrection of the believers.

Origen's belief system clearly indicates that he was a Gnostic Greek Philosopher and not a true child of God. For who can hold these 14 beliefs and still consider themselves saved. The greatest corruption of the biblical manuscripts happened in the 2nd century in Alexandria when the true Antiochan manuscripts were mutilated to adapt to the beliefs of the Gnostics and Arians. A 2nd century heretic named Marcion, discounted Matthew, Mark, and John and only accepted Luke, but only after he "corrected" it to fit his Arian beliefs. Today Origen could be classified as a Jehovah’s Witness.

Origen’s claim to fame was his masterpiece of corruption called “The Hexapla.” It consisted of six versions juxtaposed, and he would freely change any verse he didn’t like. His first victim was 1 John 5:7:

(1 John 5:7 KJV) For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.

A watershed event took place in 313 AD when Emperor Constantine saw a vision in the sky of a cross and he then believed he became saved. However, when he described the shape of the cross, he had described the Egyptian Ankh. Satan had deceived this unsaved man into thinking that God gave him the vision. From that time, the persecutions against the Christians had stopped. Satan could not defeat Christianity through murder and torture so he devised a new method called “spiritual espionage.” He used Constantine to stop the pogroms and declare Christianity was now the state religion. In effect, he became the first Pope.

Constantine’s first edict in 331 AD. was to have fifty Bibles made up so he called on a man named Eusebius. Eusebius was mightily influenced by the teachings of Origen which resulted in him believing the same way, which means he was not a Christian. Eusebius had a good opportunity to use the pure manuscripts from Antioch but instead he chose the corrupted texts from Alexandria and thus the foundation for the modern bibles were formed. He used the fifth column in Origen’s Hexapla. It is strongly believed in both camps that the foundational texts for the modern bibles, the Vaticanus and Sinaiticus manuscripts, were two of the original fifty bibles that Eusebius made up. However, there is no specific evidence for this since both the Vaticanus and Sinaiticus differ from each other in over 3,000 places in the Gospels alone, which in my mind, would tell me that they could not have been made by the same scribes from the same manuscripts at the same time. If they were copied from the same manuscripts, there would not be that much divergence.

The Vaticanus Manuscript (B)
The word “Vatican” in Latin means “Hill of Divination.”
(Deu 18:10 KJV) There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch, The Vaticanus manuscript was found in the Vatican library in 1481. It was rejected by the King James Translators because it was very corrupt and unreliable. The following portions of Scripture are missing from the Vaticanus: Genesis 1:1-46; 28; Psalms 106-138; Matthew 16:2-3; Mark 16:9-20; The Pastoral Epistles (1 & 2 Timothy and Titus) and everything after Hebrews 9:14. These were intentional omissions because the manuscript was found in excellent condition with no pieces missing. In the Gospels it leaves out 237 words, 452 clauses, and 748 whole sentences. These omissions were intentional since there was room left on pages to write these in. The Vaticanus manuscript was written on expensive Vellum and was in good condition when found which means that the missing areas were not due to missing sections but intentional omission.

The Sinaiticus Manuscript (
a) Aleph
The major characteristic of this manuscript is that it is a literary mess. There are mistakes, erasures, sentences written on top of other sentences plus many words are omitted. It contains nearly all the New Testament, the Apocryphal Books plus two other false books, “The Shepherd of Hermes” and “The Epistle of Barnabas.” Every page contains corrections and revisions by at least ten different people. Corrections on the manuscript were made as late as the sixth or seventh century A.D. With so many revisions and corrections done to this manuscript, it made it totally worthless. It was found in a garbage can in St. Catherine’s Monastery in 1844 by Constantine Tischendorf. The manuscript was so bad, the monks were going to burn the manuscript just for heat. It too omits Mark 16:9-20.

“On many occasions 10, 20, 30, 40 words are dropped through very carelessness. Letters and words, even whole sentences, are frequently written twice over, or begun and immediately cancelled; while that gross blunder, whereby a clause is omitted because it happens to end in the same words as the clause preceding, occurs no less than 115 times in the New Testament.” --- Dean Burgon

Summary
These two manuscripts are the foundational manuscripts of all the modern versions. When we see the characteristics of the two manuscripts as being inferior and loaded with false books plus many scribal errors and writings, we can see plainly why the modern versions lack integrity and why they are missing so much. The sad part is that the modern scholars claim these two manuscripts are the “Oldest and Best.” This is such an outright lie that the publishers should be sued for false advertising. Just because something is old does not make it the best. Would you like to have an operation according to 1905 medical knowledge? After all, oldest is best! Would you like to drive across country in winter in a 1905 car? After all, oldest is best! That theory is nothing but a lie and should not and must not be believed. Just taking a look at these two fourth century manuscripts, we see how corrupted they are and how they completely violate the Scriptures.

(Rev 22:18-19 KJV) For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: {19} And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

These modern bibles have definitely taken away the words of God, to the tune of thousands in the Greek and thousands in the English, which means that all the modern bibles are under the curse of God and in no way can ever be blessed. When we also factor in the fact that these translation committees all have unbelievers on them, we can know instantly that these modern bibles are nothing more than false versions.

(Psa 50:16-17 KJV) But unto the wicked God saith, What hast thou to do to declare my statutes, or that thou shouldest take my covenant in thy mouth? {17} Seeing thou hatest instruction, and castest my words behind thee.

The above verse teach that unbelievers hate the Word of God. Why then would a Holy God commit His Holy Word unto Satan’s people for correction? The NIV had two sodomites working on it. The Revised Version of 1881 had a Unitarian working on it. The 1901 ASV had Philip Schaff as it’s committee head and he was one who wanted reunification with Rome. The Good News Bible had Robert Bratcher who was an unbeliever and disbelieved the first three chapters of Genesis as Westcott did. The Lockman Foundation refused to divulge the names of the translators of the New American Standard Bible. What have they got to hide? When we look at the beliefs of men like Origen and Justin Martyr who tried to combine Greek philosophy with the Gospel, would God commit His Holy Word to unbelievers like that? We must ask those questions of the modern versions and demand an answer.

Back