- Rom 5:15 (KJV)
But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence
of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace,
which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.
Now Paul contrasts the offence and the free gift of Grace. He states that it
is through the offence of the first Adam, the entire human race was plunged
into sin which resulted in not only physical death but spiritual death to
those who are not Elect. But the gift of Free Grace came through the Lord
Jesus Christ and as a result, those who are the chosen of God will receive
the free justification and salvation. The word “abounded” in the Greek
carries with it the meaning of “to be superior” or “excel in.” This means
that the Free Grace which Christ gives His Elect is abounding much more than
the offense which plunged the entire human race into sin and death.
Rom 5:16 (KJV)
And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the
judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences
Paul continues the contrast between the offence and the gift of Grace. The
human race was plunged into sin which was the judgment of God upon the human
race because of Adam’s sin. That judgment eventually led and will lead to
the eternal condemnation of all the unsaved. Contrasting the judgment of the
human race is the fact that the free gift of Grace will justify all the
Elect of God and it will be as if they never sinned since their souls will
be made ready for Heaven at the moment of salvation since justification is a
one time event.
Rom 5:17 (KJV)
For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they
which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall
reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)
Death did not only reign from Adam to Moses, it reigns until the last day
when God will send forth His angels to bring home His Elect. The contrast is
that death reigns over the entire population of the world but life reigns in
the lives of the Elect of God, even though the Elect of God face physical
death, they do not face eternal death, which is the ultimate penalty for the
sin of Adam. The Elect of God, upon physical death are ushered into the
physical presence of the Lord eternally.
(2 Cor 5:8 KJV) We are confident, I say, and
willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord.
Death, hell, sin and sickness will never again threaten the believer.
Rom 5:18 (KJV)
Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to
condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon
all men unto justification of life.
Here is one of those verses which must be carefully looked at. The sin of
Adam brought the entire human race under the condemnation of God.
(John 3:18 KJV) He that believeth on him is not
condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath
not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
Contrasting the consequences of the sin of Adam as permeating the entire
human race, the free gift of Grace which brings full justification to the
believer, is only permeating the body of Christ. The entire population of
the world does not receive this Grace but only those whom God has chosen
from the foundation of the world. (Rev
13:8 KJV) And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names
are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of
the world. The free Grace of God brings the
believer from the point of death to life eternal.
(1 John 5:12 KJV) He that hath the Son hath
life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.
Rom 5:19 (KJV)
For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the
obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
So by the consequential actions of the first Adam, the entire human race was
plunged into sin and death but by the obedience of Christ who went to the
cross to pay for the sins of His Elect, many have been made and many shall
be made righteous, in other words, they have become saved.
(Mat 25:46 KJV) And these shall go away into
everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.
- Rom 5:20 (KJV)
Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where
sin abounded, grace did much more abound:
When the written law of Moses came on the scene, the offence of Adam was
heightened because the law now showed people that they were sinners. One
needs to just look at the Ten Commandments and you will see that it is
literally impossible to keep them. The law showed us that we were vile
sinners and it showed us how the one sin of Adam, which was disobedience,
has now mushroomed into many different types of sin, all with a condemnatory
nature. However, Paul contrasts sin and Grace, he shows us that even though
the sins of men are heinous, the Grace of God abounds. The word “abound” in
the Greek carries with it the meaning of “super abounding, overflowing, or
running over.” The Grace of God is so potent that it can quash and remove
the sins of those whom God plans to save. Sin can never excel above the
grace of God. (1 John 3:8 KJV) He that
committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning.
For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the
works of the devil. The works of the devil is sin
and the sacrifice of Christ has destroyed sin.
- Rom 5:21 (KJV)
That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign
through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
Paul now completes his contrast between sin and Grace. Sin can only reign up
to a point. Sin cannot reign beyond the grave in the believer’s life. As a
matter of fact, sin does not reign beyond the grave in the life of an
unbeliever. When an unbeliever is in hell, sin is not reigning but the
penalty for those sins are being paid. Sin is committed only on this side of
the grave but on the other side, is the condemnation for those sins, which
is eternal. This verse contrasts eternal damnation with the fact that Grace
will reign in the life of the true believer for eternity but that Grace
comes only through the Lord Jesus Christ and never by any acts or works of
self-righteousness or rituals.