- Romans 11:28-36
- Rom 11:28 (KJV)
As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as
touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers' sakes.
Paul now turns to the Gospel and tells them that Israel was the enemy of
the Gospel. This is because they did not embrace the gospel of grace
because they believed their salvation was secured by the keeping of the
law. They did not understand that the truth of the Gospel came through
the person of the Lord Jesus Christ. As enemies of the Gospel, God had
broken them off as the branches so the Gentiles could be grafted in.
Then Paul speaks of the election according to grace, which they are
beloved because God had promised that He would save a remnant of Israel
by Grace, which was according to the eternal covenants that He promised
to Abraham and confirmed through Isaac and Jacob.
Rom 11:29 (KJV)
For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance.
The word “repentance” in the Greek carries with it the meaning of
“irrevocable.“ When God calls someone and grants them the gift of
salvation, He does not change His mind and remove it for the slightest
infraction. Here Paul is also alluding to the fact that God was calling
and saving many Gentiles and the giving of salvation would not be
rescinded, even while God was saving a remnant from Israel.
Rom 11:30 (KJV)
For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now
obtained mercy through their unbelief:
In the past the Gentiles were mainly idol worshippers and caught up in
the false religions. Now, God is grafting them into the Kingdom of God
through the Lord Jesus Christ. This influx of saved Gentiles was the
result of obtaining mercy because of the unbelief of Israel. These
Gentiles will be coming into the Kingdom from every country in the world
right up until the last day.
Rom 11:31 (KJV)
Even so have these also now not believed, that through your
mercy they also may obtain mercy.
Now because they have not believed the true Gospel but the Gentiles that
have been coming into the Kingdom of God, are now able to show mercy to
those Israelites by bringing them the Gospel. The Gentiles should not
cut themselves off from the Jews but instead should be bringing them the
Gospel so that the remnant of believers will continue to come out of
darkness and be placed back into the tree in their natural environment.
Rom 11:32 (KJV)
For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have
mercy upon all.
Here is one of those verses which must be looked at carefully. The word
“concluded” in the Greek carries with it the meaning of “enclose or
consign.” So we see that God has consigned the nation of Israel to
unbelief. Then Paul goes on to say that God will have mercy upon all.
Now He is not speaking of the entire nation of Israel because God has
never saved an entire nation. His salvation plan is initiated one person
at a time. God is going to have mercy on those that believe the Gospel.
(Gal 3:22 KJV) But the scripture
hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ
might be given to them that believe. This is
confirmed in the Galatians verse that we see that all are under sin but
the promise of Faith is given to them believe. If you notice, it says
that the promise is given and not asked for as in a free will Gospel.
Rom 11:33 (KJV)
O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of
God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!
This epilogue is telling us that the riches of the wisdom and knowledge
of God are very deep and that depth is absolutely unreachable by any
finite person. The one who thinks that they can understand the ways of
God will be deluded about other things as well. The words “finding out”
in the Greek, carry with it the meaning of “untraceable,
incomprehensible, and cannot be explored.” The word “unreachable”
carries with it the meaning of “inscrutable.” Inscrutable means “not
readily investigated, interpreted, or readily understood.”
Rom 11:34 (KJV)
For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his
What human being on this earth could actually know the mind of the Lord.
What finite being could be His equal to the point that they are able to
counsel Him? Those who are saved are given the mind of Christ but while
we are in these physical bodies, we will never have the full capacity of
that mind. Even when we are in glory, our knowledge and understanding
will never be equal to that of the Lord’s.
Rom 11:35 (KJV)
Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto
(1 John 4:19 KJV) We love him,
because he first loved us. No saved person on
Earth has initiated their salvation. God is the one who has given
salvation to a person. God is also the one who has given all the common
gifts on this Earth to the entire human race. God gives the sun, He
gives the rain, He gives the harvest, He gives us our families, etc.
There is nothing that we have not received from God.
(1 Cor 4:7 KJV) For who maketh thee to
differ from another? and what hast thou that thou didst not receive? now
if thou didst receive it, why dost thou glory, as if thou hadst not
received it? This principle is confirmed in 1
Corinthians 4:7, that it is God who has given all things and all we did
was receive them. Therefore, it follows that God will not have to repay
anything to any human being since everything we have initially came from
Rom 11:36 (KJV)
For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom
be glory for ever. Amen.
God is the recipient of all the glory. No person can boast of anything
they have. There is no such thing as a self-made millionaire. Were they
able to create themselves? We as believers have received salvation from
God, through Christ, and for Him. God is the source, the agency of
administration of all things, and the definitive end of all things.