Proverbs 30:31-33
Prov 30:31 (KJB)
A greyhound; an he goat also; and a king, against whom there is no rising up.
A greyhound - The word in Hebrew is referring to a bird but the type of bird is unknown. Some link it to the rooster. Whatever the animal was, it was noble enough for Agur to include it in his list as one of the noble creatures.
He goat - The male goat struts around with his beard and looks like the wise old goat of the herd. I guess this is where the term “old goat” for an old man originated. It is not a slur but refers to the stately and wise older goat among the flock. (Dan 8:5 KJV) And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes. Alexander the Great was possibly referred to as the he goat in Daniel 8:5 and not as a slur but as one who was strong.
A king against whom there is no rising up - This king has not been tried in battle and because of this is able to walk around in royal robes looking like one that has all the makings of a warrior. He may have peace on all sides of his kingdom as Solomon did and may never be tested in a time of war. During a time of peace, the king may be able to increase the strength of his army and give the impression to neighboring kingdoms that there is strength and preparedness in the country and an invasion would be pushed back with tremendous might.
Prov 30:32 (KJB)
If thou hast done foolishly in lifting up thyself, or if thou hast thought evil, lay thine hand upon thy mouth.
If thou hast thought evil - If thou has plotted
Here is the warning to the leaders. If they have foolishly puffed themselves up or dealt in vanity, or if they made some kind of plot or plans, then they are not to reveal either of those because a leak in security can bring another country against them if they know that the strength they have displayed is all phony. Any one who makes any plans should keep them to themselves until conditions are correct and then they can be implemented without any hesitation. Planning must always precede execution of any desires or plans. If one goes to battle without any plans, it would be a sure defeat.
Prov 30:33 (KJB)
Surely the churning of milk bringeth forth butter, and the wringing of the nose bringeth forth blood: so the forcing of wrath bringeth forth strife.
Churning, Wringing, Forcing - Pressing
Here are two definite illustrations leading up to the fact of the third. Just as milk which is taken from the cow and placed into a churn, with the strong action of agitation will bring forth butter. Secondly, if someone wrings or presses in the nose, either by force or by just holding it, it will definitely create a bloody nose. Seeing these two actions will definitely cause the effect they are definitely going for, this cause and effect will also be attributable to the third point. If someone is pressing or forcing wrath upon a situation where there is no wrath, then that action is definitely going to elicit strife. If a king is doing this against another kingdom, then a war will definitely erupt. Agur is stating here that there are definite consequences to every specific and deliberate action.