- Proverbs 30:1-5
- Prov 30:1 (KJB)
- The words of Agur the son of Jakeh, even the prophecy: the man
spake unto Ithiel, even unto Ithiel and Ucal,
- Agur is someone which remains a mystery and many believe it might just
be another name for Solomon. Ucal is not mentioned anywhere else in the
Bible. Ithiel is mentioned in Nehemiah 11:7.
(Neh 11:7 KJV) And these are the sons of
Benjamin; Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Joed, the son of Pedaiah,
the son of Kolaiah, the son of Maaseiah, the son of Ithiel, the son of
Jesaiah. If you recall back in Proverbs 25:1, we
read. (Prov 25:1 KJV) These are
also proverbs of Solomon, which the men of Hezekiah king of Judah copied
out. Nehemiah was written about 445 B.C and
Hezekiah reigned from about 716-687 B.C so there would be at least a 225
year difference between the two Ithielís if this part of Proverbs was also
part of the Hezekiah find. So Ithiel too remains a mystery. What we must
keep in mind, that although we do not know who these men are, they are
included in the Bible and we must see this section as the Word of God as we
do any other part of it. Therefore, when the verse speaks about the prophecy
of Agur, we know that this is part of the Word of God and must never be
- Prov 30:2 (KJB)
- Surely I am more brutish than any man, and have not
the understanding of a man.
- Brutish - Stupid - In the sense of one who does not fear the Lord.
- Understanding - Insight or faculty of understanding
- Here Agur is speaking in the terms of being stupid. Now he is not saying
that he is stupid in the sense that he is acting like a fool but he is
stating that his understanding is not of a man. He did not possess the full
matured understanding of someone who studied the Scriptures for many years.
His understanding was limited in scope and was probably like a novice. In
comparison to those who had mature understanding, it was like he had none.
- Prov 30:3 (KJB)
- I neither learned wisdom, nor have the knowledge of the holy.
- Here he speaks of the fact that he was not a learned man in the
Scriptures and because of that his knowledge of God was very limited. Based
on this verse, maybe his parents did not bring him up in the study of the
Scriptures and maybe they did not go to the Temple or else he would have
learned something of the LORD. He probably never had the chance to learn
while he was growing up but that does not preclude the rest of his life as a
student of Scripture.
- Prov 30:4 (KJB)
- Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the
wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath
established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what
is his son's name, if thou canst tell?
- Agur asks a series of five questions. These questions are meant to be
answered after one takes on a course of studying to know God. His upbringing
left him void of knowing God but isnít it interesting that on the fifth
question, he asks what is His name and His sonís name? How would he know
that the Almighty has a son? This tells us that this did not come from his
mind but through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit because he stated in the
previous verse that he had no knowledge of the holy and the source of all
holiness is God. Let us take a look at the questions which were asked.
- 1) Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended?
(John 3:13 KJV) And no man hath ascended up to
heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which
is in heaven. This would be a reference to the
Lord Jesus Christ who ascended to Heaven at His ascension but descended from
Heaven through the virgin birth. (Gen
28:12 KJV) And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the
top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and
descending on it. Figuratively Jacobís ladder was
the Lord Jesus Christ.
- 2) who hath gathered the wind in his fists?
(Psa 135:7 KJV) He causeth the vapours to
ascend from the ends of the earth; he maketh lightnings for the rain; he
bringeth the wind out of his treasuries.
- 3) who hath bound the waters in a garment?
(Job 26:8 KJV) He bindeth up the waters in his
thick clouds; and the cloud is not rent under them.
- 4) who hath established all the ends of the earth?
(Job 38:4 KJV) Where wast thou when I laid the
foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.
- 5) what is his name, and what is his son's name, if thou
canst tell? (Dan 3:25 KJV) He answered
and said, Lo, I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and
they have no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God.
- It is quite interesting that for person who did not know much, he
definitely asked the right questions.
- Prov 30:5 (KJB)
- Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that
put their trust in him.
- The Word of God reveals the character and the person of God. Those who
learn the Word of God will be protected by these words. Once someone knows
the true words of God, they will not be able to be taken in by false
teachings. Those that place their trust in God are the ones who are saved.
(Psa 91:4 KJV) He shall cover thee with
his feathers, and under his wings shalt thou trust: his truth shall be
thy shield and buckler. David knew the truth
of those words that Godís truth will be a shield to those who abide in
Christ. Godís word is the only protection we have against being snared into
false teachings and their path to hell.