Luke 10:1-6

Luke 10:1 (KJB)
After these things the Lord appointed other seventy also, and sent them two and two before his face into every city and place, whither he himself would come.

Jesus and His followers were continuing to pass through Samaria and Perea on their way to Jerusalem. Then Jesus chose seventy out of His group on an important mission. They were to go to the towns and places along the route they were taking to get to Jerusalem. Since the Samaritans had refused Jesus and His entourage entrance to a village, He wanted to make sure that there were no hindrances along the way by towns refusing to let them pass through. Jesus must have had a large group since He was able to dispatch seventy of them on this task. They would have been sent out by two for two basic reasons, the first was for companionship and the second was for legal reasons, the law required two witnesses. The number seventy was symbolic because there were seventy on the Sanhedrin, seventy nations listed in Genesis 10, all the souls that came from the loins of Jacob were seventy, and seventy years of captivity in Babylon. It was kind of a precursor of the time when the Gospel would go forth throughout all the world.

Luke 10:2 (KJB)
Therefore said he unto them, The harvest truly is great, but the labourers are few: pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he would send forth labourers into his harvest.

Jesus begins to start planting the reality in the minds of His followers that the time was now at hand for the world to begin to hear and receive the grace of God. He likens the world to a great bountiful harvest which the Lord gave but unfortunately there are very few labourers to reap the harvest. The picture here is given to show the reality that there are very few Christians who are truly dedicated to evangelism and the discipline of those who become saved. Since the labourers are few, it behooves those involved in both the actual physical evangelism and those who support them to continually beseech the Lord to send out more dedicated Christians into the ministry to bring the word to all the nations and to see all those He came to save saved. This needs to be the heart cry of every generation because it seems as we get closer to the end, the amount of Christians involved in the Great Commission is dwindling. (Luke 18:8 KJV) I tell you that he will avenge them speedily. Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth?

Luke 10:3 (KJB)
Go your ways: behold, I send you forth as lambs among wolves.

This is a scenario that the Apostles would have been very familiar with. Ravenous wolves were a threat to sheep everywhere. They would stalk out the flock and then wait for the right time and when the sheep started running away, they would pounce on the slowest one and then kill it for food. Jesus is telling them that as His disciples, they will be going into a very hostile world with the Gospel. The people will fight against their own salvation. Jesus is not saying to avoid them but while in their presence, they are to be wise as a serpent. A serpent will avoid any unnecessary dangers and that is why we see them living in rocks or under the sands. They are more defensive creatures than offensive. A serpent moves quietly and the followers of Christ are also to be quiet in their lives while being a testimony for Christ. They are not to retaliate against those who bring false accusations but are to be gentle or harmless as doves. They are never to provoke or plan harm to anyone, even if they oppose the Gospel. This is why the must emulate the wisdom of a serpent and the gentleness of a dove.

Luke 10:4 (KJB)
Carry neither purse, nor scrip, nor shoes: and salute no man by the way.

After the day of Pentecost, the disciples would become Apostles in an official capacity but here they are being sent forth with specific instructions. The only thing they are permitted to take with them is a staff for walking and to protect themselves against any wild animals. They were not to take a scrip which was a money bag which was a leather bag where they would keep their funds. Since they were not to take any money, there would have been no need for the scrip. They were not even to take any bread, that is, any sustenance. This journey may not have been a long journey and these things would not be needed but more likely Jesus was teaching them to have faith in God for their needs.

Luke 10:5 (KJB)
And into whatsoever house ye enter, first say, Peace be to this house.

When you have found such a place where the inhabitants are believers and like minded, then salute that home. To salute means to greet the house with a saying such as “Peace be unto you.” These were not just words but they would be desiring the peace of the Lord Jesus Christ be upon the household. (Acts 10:36 KJV) The word which God sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:)

Luke 10:6 (KJB)
And if the son of peace be there, your peace shall rest upon it: if not, it shall turn to you again.

Then Jesus gives them a principle. He tells them that if the house is worthy, that is, if there are those who are believers living there and are very glad to have these brethren stay with them, then let their peace abide upon the house. The house may even be unbelievers who are open to the Gospel and love the idea of hospitality. Then Jesus tells them that if you come into a house which is not worthy, maybe filled with rank unbelievers who may want to charge them and make some shekels, or filled with those who are hostile to the cause of Christ, then the peace you bid them needs to be returned to you and allow those homes to continue in the same type of unbelief.