- John 2:1-5
- John 2:1 (KJB)
- And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the
mother of Jesus was there:
- Jesus had promised Nathanael that he would see greater things than Jesus
knowing where he was sitting. Here we have the first visible miracle which
Jesus performed. It is also interesting to note that this first miracle was
done in the home town of Nathanael. The ones who were being married must
have known Jesus and His family since the mother of Jesus was attending the
wedding. If you notice, Joseph, Mary‘s husband is not mentioned and that is
probably because he had died some years ago and Mary was a widow. Since
Nazareth was only 9 miles from Cana, it would not have been a long trip for
Mary who was probably in her late 40’s. In the Gospel of John, the name of
Mary is never used in reference to the mother of Jesus. The weddings in
Israel at that time could last up to seven days. The betrothals were made
years before the actual wedding ceremony.
- Let me just say at the outset that it is reprehensible that some
Christians try to use the wedding at Cana as an excuse to drink alcohol.
Many say it is okay to drink wine but let us be honest. They try to justify
their drinking of all kinds of alcoholic beverage, from beer to whiskey, by
referencing the miracle at the Cana wedding. The Lord Jesus Christ was not
soft on sin and the fact that He is going to be the judge on the last day,
makes that obvious. Jesus would never endorse anything which is sinful
because it is sin that would be sending Him to the cross. The changing of
water into wine had a very specific message to the world.
- John 2:2 (KJB)
- And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage.
- Called - Invited
- Since Mary was already there and probably helping with the preparations,
they probably also knew Jesus and Nathanael. This is probably why they were
invited to the wedding. It is always a nice courtesy to accept an invitation
to someone’s wedding because that means they want you there to be part of
their joy on that special day.
- John 2:3 (KJB)
- And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him,
They have no wine.
- Wanted - Lacking
- Here Mary tells Jesus that they were lacking wine. Now she would have
known about what was left since she probably was involved with the
preparations. In Middle East custom, if they ran out of wine, it would be
considered a calamity. So maybe Mary was hoping they could pool their money
and go buy more wine or since Mary was now cognizant of the fact that the
ministry of Jesus had begun and since she probably heard and saw the baptism
and announcement of Jesus, plus His miraculous birth, she may have hinted
for Him to supply the wine by miracle.
- “They have no wine,” those who defend drinking believe that both the
wine provided at the wedding and the wine made by Jesus were intoxicating.
We need Scripture to clear up any misconceptions, now if the wine was
intoxicating then the following must be considered:
- “The guests would likely be drunk because weddings normally lasted for
seven days. Secondly, Mary, the mother of Jesus would be regretting that the
intoxicating drink ran out and would be asking Jesus to furnish the already
drunken festivity with more fermented wine (Vss 6-9), more than enough to
keep the guests totally drunk.
- In order to oblige, Jesus would be making between 108-162 gallons of
intoxicating wine as His first “miraculous sign” in order to reveal His
glory, and to persuade people to believe in Him as the Holy and righteous
Son of God.”
- The above implications must be avoided because alleging that Jesus used
alcoholic wine is leading us into moral conflict against Scripture. In light
of God’s nature, Christ’s righteousness, His loving concern for humanity,
and Mary’s good character, the implications of the above statements that the
wine was fermented are blasphemous.
- An interpretation that involves such assertions and contradictions
cannot be adopted. The only plausible explanation is that the wine made by
Jesus to reveal His glory, was the non-intoxicating pure juice of the grape.
The water used was a reflection of the Holy Spirit being placed into us “the
water pots or earthen vessels” making us useful to Christ for His service.
(2 Cor 4:7 KJV) But we have this
treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God,
and not of us.
- John 2:4 (KJB)
- Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is
not yet come.
- Jesus was basically testing Mary to see if her faith in Him was firm.
The way He answered Mary was not that He was rebuking her, but He was
stating that His time had not yet come, that is, His time to be manifested
to the world. He was not going to do any miracles based upon human request
because the miracles had to be done in order to confirm that Jesus was the
promised Messiah, to confirm His ministry, and to teach the lesson at the
moment the miracle was performed. Jesus had to be in control of what
miracles He performed not anyone else, even His earthly mother, since no
human could know the plan of God for every situation.
- John 2:5 (KJB)
- His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do
- Mary obviously was satisfied what the answer she received from Jesus and
now conveyed to the servants at the feast that whatever He says to them,
they should do, since Mary was now convinced that Jesus was going to do
something about the situation they ran into. This is also a great spiritual
principle for every Christian. Whatever we read in Scripture that Jesus
tells us to do, then we need to be obedient to His commands. The word “do”
in the Greek is in the Imperative Mood meaning that what Jesus says to do is
a command and not a suggestion.