- John 20:21-25
- John 20:21 (KJB)
- Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my
Father hath sent me, even so send I you.
- Jesus once again bestows His peace upon them and this is not only an
emotional peace for them not to be troubled but it also refers to the peace
we now have with God through salvation in Christ.
(Rom 5:1 KJV) Therefore being justified by
faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
When one is an unbeliever they are at enmity with God,
but when they become saved, they are now at peace with God and the war is
over as they become a child of God. Now Jesus gives them the essence of the
Great Commission. As His Father sent Him into this world to complete the
task of dying for the Elect and securing their salvation, now Jesus takes
the same principle and applies it to the disciples and ultimately every
Christian. As the Father sent Jesus into the world, He now sends us into the
world with the message of the Gospel and the body of Christ will complete
that task when the last one becomes saved on the last day.
- John 20:22 (KJB)
- And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto
them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:
- When God first created Adam, He gave him the breath of life. Here Jesus
is giving the breath of eternal life to the disciples. When the Holy Spirit
will indwell them on Pentecost, they will be spiritually alive and will then
go into the world to preach the Gospel. At this point, when Jesus had
breathed on them, He told them to receive the Holy Spirit. The word
“receive” is in the imperative mood in the Greek which made it a command for
them to receive the Holy Spirit. It is a definite possibility that at this
point the disciples were officially saved and sealed since they received the
Holy Spirit. Since at this time they received the Holy Spirit, they also
received the accompanying gifts which would enable them to begin the
ministry and would uphold them while they engaged in ministry to the end of
their physical lives. This also teaches us that the receiving of the Holy
Spirit comes in silent reception and does not have bells and whistles.
- John 20:23 (KJB)
- Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them;
and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.
- Remit and remitted - Forgiven, pardoned, or cancelled
- Retain and retained - Hold on to, not to be forgiven, hold back or hold
- This verse is not teaching that the disciples and all Christians have
the power to forgive sins. (Mark 2:7
KJV) Why doth this man thus speak blasphemies? who can forgive sins
but God only? The Pharisees accused Jesus of
blasphemy when He forgave the sins of the paralytic. Jesus could do this
because He is God the Son but the Christians do not have the authority to
forgive sins. The Roman Catholic church believes that their priests have the
power and authority to forgive sins which is totally false. No human has the
ability to forgive sins. What is in view in this verse is that when the
Christians proclaim the Gospel, those who are the Elect of God that become
saved, their sins are remitted. Those who hear the Gospel and are not the
Elect of God but stay in their sinful state, are those who sins are
retained. Since we do not know who will be saved and who will not, it is our
responsibility to send forth the Gospel to as many places as we can,
anywhere and everywhere in the world.
- John 20:24 (KJB)
- But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them
when Jesus came.
- Didymus - Twin
- Thomas had apparently been somewhere else when the Lord appeared to the
Disciples. Here we see another lesson being staged for the purpose of
teaching us something. The Lord allows events in our lives to grow us up in
the faith and after we go through those events, we look back and then
realize that God had used great wisdom to bring us through whatever it was.
- John 20:25 (KJB)
- The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But
he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails,
and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his
side, I will not believe.
- Thomas had come back and the other disciples had told him that they had
seen the risen Lord. Now before we condemn Thomas for being skeptical, we
must realize that when Jesus first appeared to the disciples He showed them
His hands and His side. (John 20:20 KJV)
And when he had so said, he showed unto them his hands and his side.
Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the Lord.
If you notice, Jesus showed them the marks and then the
disciples were glad when they saw Jesus. Thomas was not the only one who
needed a visual to confirm it was the Lord. Thomas was also the one who did
not fear to go back to Judaea and die with the Lord if it came to that.
(John 11:16 KJV) Then said Thomas, which
is called Didymus, unto his fellowdisciples, Let us also go, that we may die
with him. Thomas was also being practical because
he would have known as well as the others the method of crucifixion that the
Romans used and the preparation for it by means of the scourge. So Thomas
would have known that no prisoner really ever escaped death from the hands
of the Romans. This may have led to the disbelief on the part of Thomas.