- Galatians 4:26-31
- Gal 4:26 (KJB)
- But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.
- The name Jerusalem means “city of peace.” Here Paul is stating that the
Jerusalem which is above is free and the mother of all those under salvation
by grace alone. The Bible speaks of the heavenly Jerusalem as being the body
of believers. (Heb 12:22 KJV) But ye are
come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly
Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,
He speaks of it being the mother and a mother gives birth
and that is what happens every time one of the Elect becomes saved, it is
like a mother giving birth. Here the mother of us all gives birth to another
Elect saved by grace. So the earthly Jerusalem is identified with the
bondage of the law and the heavenly Jerusalem, otherwise known as spiritual
Jerusalem, is identified with the freedom of salvation by grace alone
without having to keep any of the tenets of the law.
- Gal 4:27 (KJB)
- For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break
forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more
children than she which hath an husband.
- (Isa 54:1 KJV) Sing, O barren, thou that
didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that
didst not travail with child: for more are the children of the
desolate than the children of the married wife, saith the LORD.
Here Paul includes a passage from Isaiah concerning the
fact that the desolate will have more children than the married woman. It
seems that God is typing national Israel and the law as the married woman.
(Jer 3:14 KJV) Turn, O backsliding
children, saith the LORD; for I am married unto you: and I will take you one
of a city, and two of a family, and I will bring you to Zion: Jeremiah
3:14 states that God was married to Israel. Israel had the law and with it
made a few converts here and there, so the one who was married had less
children but in the second part of that verse He speaks about taking one of
a city and two of a family to bring them to Zion. Zion is another name for
the body of believers. (Psa 102:16 KJV)
When the LORD shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory.
Once the Lord has saved everyone He plans to save, then
He shall return to this earth as we read in Psalm 102:16. So when God is
going to bring one of a city and two of a family, He is stating that He will
personally save those who are the elect of God.
(John 6:37 KJV) All that the Father giveth me
shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.
So back to the Galatians verse. Sarah was to rejoice
because even though she only had one child, yet it was the child of promise
and she will have descendants without number through the line of that child.
Those descendants will be the body of believers who will be saved by grace
- Gal 4:28 (KJB)
- Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise.
- Every true believer saved by grace alone are the children of promise.
God promised Abraham that his descendants would be innumerable and every
true believer is part of the spiritual lineage of Abraham that came through
Isaac and eventually through Jacob who became Israel. The name Israel means
“prince with God.” When we became saved, we became part of the true Israel
because we are children of God and since God is a King, we are princes and
- Gal 4:29 (KJB)
- But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was
born after the Spirit, even so it is now.
- (Gen 21:9 KJV) And Sarah saw the son of
Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham, mocking.
Ishmael was doing some kind of mocking of Isaac and Sarah
saw this and was livid. So Paul takes this scenario and likens it to the
present time in Galatia. Those who are born again by the free grace of God
were being persecuted or pursued by those who were under the law. Remember,
Ishmael and Hagar represented those who were still under the law. The false
teachers were doing their utmost to bring these people back under the law.
- Gal 4:30 (KJB)
- Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her
son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the
- (Gen 21:10 KJV) Wherefore she said unto
Abraham, Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman
shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac.
Now Paul continues on from Genesis. The result of Ishmael
mocking Isaac elicited a response from Sarah and she had ordered that the
bondwoman be cast out as Ishmael would not be heir with Isaac. What is being
said, couched in allegorical language, is that the those who keep the law
will never be heirs with those who are saved by free grace. This is because
those who try to keep the law will never attain salvation but those under
free grace will never lose their salvation. This is the great inequity in
that those under law will never be saved unless God saves them by free
grace. So the heirs of promise can never be those under the law since they
are unsaved, the heirs of promise are only to those who are saved by grace.
This is why when Christ fulfilled the requirements of God’s holy law, it was
to be cast out in reference to salvation.
- Gal 4:31 (KJB)
- So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the
- So Paul sums it up for us and the Galatians that we are not the children
of the bondwoman who represented the law but we are children of the free
woman who represented salvation by grace alone. This is why we are to avoid
trying to keep the law because even if we could keep it, it would add
nothing to our salvation. There is no such thing in Scripture as being more
saved because of good works.