Daniel 2:1-7


Daniel 2:1

And in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams, wherewith his spirit was troubled, and his sleep brake from him.


The second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar would have been 604-603 B.C.  He had dreamed a very powerful and prophetic dream that it literally caused his sleep to depart from him, that is, he was no longer able to sleep because of the intensity of that dream.  Daniel and his friends would be put to the test on this first difficult situation.   Now here was the situation that occurred.  This was the second year of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign which meant that Daniel and his friends had not yet completed their three years of training which we saw in chapter one.  So they were going to be called upon in the service of the King before their time of presentation.  This verse shows a powerful principle that it is not book learning that propels us in our Christian walk but the fact of obedience whereby God uses a clean vessel to accomplish His work in the Kingdom.


Daniel 2:2

Then the king commanded to call the magicians, and the astrologers, and the sorcerers, and the Chaldeans, for to shew the king his dreams. So they came and stood before the king.


Since Daniel was not yet in the service of the King, the King had called all the regular court prognosticators in to try and gain an interpretation of that dream.  Daniel was not summoned because he was not ready yet to appear before the King.  The magicians were ones who dealt with horoscopes.  The astrologers were those who looked at star positions and try to interpret their meaning.  The sorcerers were those who practiced the black arts such as magic and incantations.  The Chaldeans represented the entire group of all occult practitioners.  Like many ancient Kings, he thought that the gods were trying to communicate some great truth to him.


Daniel 2:3

And the king said unto them, I have dreamed a dream, and my spirit was troubled to know the dream.


Nebuchadnezzar then tells the group that he has dreamed a dream which caused him to become very troubled in his spirit.  The dream was intense enough to cause him to be troubled but the fact that he could not understand what the meaning of the dream was caused him great anguish.  He was now hoping that someone among that vast group would be able to give him the meaning of that dream.  However, the King threw a condition into his request and that was for the counselors to not only give him the meaning of the dream but they were to describe the dream to him.  This way he could be assured of a true interpretation.


Daniel 2:4

Then spake the Chaldeans to the king in Syriack, O king, live for ever: tell thy servants the dream, and we will shew the interpretation.


The Chaldeans then spoke to the king.  They were probably the more senior or important group in the King’s court or they were the ones who did the interpretation of dreams and therefore they began the dialogue with the King.  Here they asked the King to tell them the particulars of the dream.  Just a little background on the Chaldeans.  In Hebrew they are called “Kasdim” which lived by the city of Ur which is located by the Persian Gulf.  The founding father of the Kasdim was Chesed who was the nephew of Abraham through his brother Nahor. 


Genesis 11:28 (KJV)   And Haran died before his father Terah in the land of his nativity, in Ur of the Chaldees.


Genesis 11:31 (KJV)   And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son's son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram's wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there.


Genesis 22:20-22 (KJV)   And it came to pass after these things, that it was told Abraham, saying, Behold, Milcah, she hath also born children unto thy brother Nahor;  {21} Huz his firstborn, and Buz his brother, and Kemuel the father of Aram,  {22} And Chesed, and Hazo, and Pildash, and Jidlaph, and Bethuel.


The Chaldeans first appeared in the ninth century B.C. in the southern part of Mesopotamia and became allies with the Babylonians and Elamites.  Ancient Assyrian records claim that about 200,000 Chaldean were resettled among the Babylonian Empire.  Chaldeans eventually became identified as Babylonians since they assimilated into their culture rather quickly.  From Daniel 2:4 through chapter 7, the book of Daniel is written in Aramaic.


Daniel 2:5

The king answered and said to the Chaldeans, The thing is gone from me: if ye will not make known unto me the dream, with the interpretation thereof, ye shall be cut in pieces, and your houses shall be made a dunghill.


Now the King gets down to business with them.  He states that he can no longer remember the dream and it is up to the Chaldeans to describe the dream to him.  The consequences are great.  If they cannot describe the dream to him, then they will be executed by being cut in pieces, probably torn limb from limb, which was probably one type of execution used in that day.  The penalty was not only for the counselors but also to their families.  They too would be executed on the order of the King and their houses would be made into heaps of garbage.  Here is another great principle in this verse.  Satan will always let his people down and will never help them, only destroy them.  He also does not have the ability to interpret dreams which God has placed in the heart of the King because the occult is never beneficial only deadly.


Daniel 2:6

But if ye shew the dream, and the interpretation thereof, ye shall receive of me gifts and rewards and great honour: therefore shew me the dream, and the interpretation thereof.


Here the King gives the other side of the situation.  If the Chaldeans are successful and are able to tell the King the details of the dream along with the meaning, then he would grant them great gifts, rewards, and honor.  That would probably include riches and positions and land for big houses.  The King would make them wealthy and powerful.  Then the King gets right back to business and without further stalling on their part he wants to know the details of the dream and its meaning.


Daniel 2:7

They answered again and said, Let the king tell his servants the dream, and we will shew the interpretation of it.


Now it was almost becoming an intense war of words.  The words “tell his” is a very intense verb in the Aramaic.  It was like they were demanding that the King tell them the details of the dream and this may be why the King was so emphatic about having them killed if they could not tell him the details of the dream.  In ancient times, you only argued with the King once and then you became a memory.  The counselors knew that they were in a life and death situation at this point because their master, Satan, could not help them.  That should be a lesson for all on earth that Satan does not help anyone.