- The Dakes Bible&
Confused Charismatic Theology
- by Joseph Chambers
- Many years ago, I became leery of the Dakes
Bible, but never really understood why. The
only thing I could identify was that those who became strong in their study of Dake also
became arrogant and unteachable. If Dake said
it, then it really did not matter what anybody else said or what the general difference
was in other Scriptures. I basically quit
using the Dakes Bible about twenty years ago and simply put it on the shelf.
Finally, I am beginning to learn why the
inspiration I experienced caused me to move away from Dakes Annotated Reference
Bible. I never saw the deceptive quotes that
I have recently discovered, probably because to begin with I never used it much. As I have now learned, the Dakes Bible was
really the text of the Charismatics before there was a movement called Charismatic. Let me give you one Scripture that is foundational
to what Hagin, Copeland, Hinn, Crouch, etc. are now teaching around the world.
This quote from Dakes Bible is the
very first New Testament note in the edition that I have owned since the early seventies. The edition I am quoting from is the sixth
printing, December 1971.
Gr. Christos, Anointed.
- Used in N.T. 577 times. Like the name
Jesus it has no reference to deity, but to the humanity of the Son of God, who
became the Christ or the Anointed One 30 years after He was born of Mary. God made Him both Lord and Christ. The Heb. Is Messiah. (Dakes Annotated Reference Bible, Finis
Jennings Dake, published by Dake Bible Sales, Inc, Lawrenceville, Georgia, New Testament,
No Biblically solid minister or Bible
student would accept the quote above. It is
rank heresy and must be totally rejected or our view of Jesus Christ as the eternal Son of
God is compromised. To suggest that Jesus
became the Christ or the Anointed One thirty years after His birth is to
commit heresy. This is an ancient heresy that
is called adoptionism. Kenneth
Scott Latourette stated in his book, History of Christianity, Volume I, the following:
Others, called the Ebionites,
maintained that Jesus was merely a man, a prophet, a spokesman for God, as were the great
Hebrew prophets of the past. Although some of
them accepted the virgin birth of Jesus, others are said to have taught that Jesus was the
son of Joseph and Mary, that at His baptism Christ descended upon him in the form of a
dove, that he then proclaimed the unknown Father, but that Christ who could not suffer,
departed from him at his crucifixion. (Latourette,
page 121-122, Harper Collins).
This is a dividing of the natures of
Jesus Christ, rather than the established truth of the unity of His Son of God and Son of
Man natures. He was both Son of God and Son
of Man at every point in His incarnation. Iraneaus
spoke of this in his book, Against Heresies And Knowledge Falsely So Called. He stated, Certainly the Gnostics confess
with their tongues the ONE Jesus Christ, but in their minds they divide Him. (Iraneaus; ADVERSUS Haeresies III.16.1). His two natures cannot be divided.
John R. Stott, in a commentary on the
letters of John addressed this great truth. We
need therefore to find an interpretation of the phrase which makes water and blood both
historical experiences which he passed and witnesses in some sense to his divine/human
person. The . . . most satisfactory
interpretation, first given by Tertullion does this.
It takes water as reference to Baptism of Jesus, at which he was declared
the Son and commissioned and empowered for His work, and blood to His death, in which His
work was finished. True, water
and blood remain strange and surprising word symbols, and we can only guess
that they were thus used in the theological controversy which had engulfed the Ephesian
church. At least this meaning of the
expression tallies with what Iraneaus disclosed of the heretical teaching of Cerinthus and
his followers. They distinguished between
Jesus and Christ. They
held that Jesus was a mere man, born of Joseph and Mary in natural wedlock, upon whom
Christ descended at the baptism, and from which Christ departed at the cross. According to this theory of the false
teachers, Jesus was united with the Christ at the baptism, but became separated again
before the cross. It was to refute this
fundamental error that John, knowing that Jesus was the Christ, before, and during the
baptism and cross, described Him as the one who came by water and blood. (Tyndale NT Commentaries, LETTERS OF FIRST JOHN,
J.R.W. Stott, pp. 180-181.)
The words of the angel to Mary should
settle this subject completely. The Scripture
stated, And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon
thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing
which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God. (Luke 1:35).
This is further emphasized in St. Johns
question of the Lord Himself, Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and
sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God? If I do not the works of my Father, believe me
not. (John 10:36-37).
He is, and was, eternally the Son of
God, anointed of the Holy Ghost. The
doctrines of Hagin, Copeland, Crouch, and Hinn, etc. are clearly associated with this
heresy. Paul Crouch, in a statement to Benny
Hinn on TBN, stated that Jesus received His divinity back when He ascended out of hell
after being born again. (See our video, TBN
The Temple Of The Gods and Goddesses.)
As I write this article, I remember a
horrible crisis that occurred about twenty years ago in the church where I now pastor. We had won a man to our church and he had made
wonderful progress in the study of Scripture and his spiritual life. We elevated him to a very strong leadership
position and made him a key teacher in our Sunday School.
He then became involved in the Copeland doctrines and began to teach
the doctrine of unbiblical prosperity. One
day, he proudly began to argue to me that Jesus only became the anointed one at His
baptism and was not the divine Son of God until this point.
I immediately knew I had a serious problem.
When our church board met to solve the
problem, we asked him to either renounce this idea or resign from his class. He refused and we dismissed him. Of course, he went up the road a short distance
and started his own church. We lost a host of
family members; all of which have never been stable in their Christian life since that
time. I remember that the Dakes Bible
had become his primary study Bible and the arrogance that I now know was evident in Finis
Dake had become evident in this individual. He
has never returned to the stability and truth that he traded for the Charismatic
- Facts About The Late Finis Dake
My method in trying to protect the body
of Christ from deception is to refrain from any personal attack on anyone, but to deal
with doctrine and Biblical truth. It seems
appropriate to note some matters that relate to Dake because they were certainly part of
the shaping of his ministry. My concerns are
documented with information on the web site owned by the Dakes Ministry or from
others, who have researched his personal life.
On the Dake web site there is an article
dedicated to Finis Dake himself prior to his death, in which he stated some very
remarkable things. Mr. Dake states, I
was immediately able to quote hundreds of Scriptures without memorizing them. I also noticed a quickening of my mind to know
what chapters and books various verses were found in.
Before conversion, I had not read one full chapter of the Bible. This new knowledge of Scripture was a gift to me,
for which I give God the praise. From the
time of this special anointing until now, I have never had to memorize the thousands of
Scriptures I use in teaching. I just quote a
verse when I need it, by the anointing of the Spirit. (Webmasters
Note: I believe that Jesus had to memorize the scriptures just like any man would.)
This is absolutely contrary to Scripture
and puts Dake, at least in his mind, on the same level as the Lord Jesus Christ. Remember, the criticizers of Jesus Christ stated,
How knoweth this man letters, having never learned? (John 7:15).
This would certainly give rise to him having an exalted opinion of himself
and may have been one of the reasons for his arrogance.
No Bible writer, Old Testament prophet, or New Testament apostle ever
claimed such incredible ability. There
is no Scripture to support this kind of gift by the Holy Ghost.
Research into Dakes background
gives a picture of moral carelessness in his early ministry. Here is a lengthy quote by researcher, Les Brown.
Finis Jennings Dake was
born in 1902 and died in 1987. His son Finis,
Jr. says it took Dake seven years of constant work to complete the 35,000 notes included
in the 1,400-page Annotated Bible. It is a
virtual systematic theology and a compilation of Dake's views and doctrines.
Dake was ordained under the
Assemblies of God in Texas. For a time he did
evangelistic work in Oklahoma. He then moved
to Zion, Illinois, where his fortunes declined, following a scandal involving a
The May 27, 1936, issue of the
Chicago Daily Tribune reported that An indictment, returned last February in
Milwaukee, charges that on April 23, 1935, Dake took Emma Barelli, 16 years old, of
Kenosha, from her home town to East St. Louis for immoral purposes. (pg. 1). The following day, the newspaper reported that
Dake registered at hotels in Waukegan, Bloomington, and East St. Louis with the girl under
the name Christian Anderson and wife. Dake,
according to government investigators, said he picked the girl up as she was hitchhiking
and she insisted he drive her to East St. Louis, where he was to deliver Bible lectures in
nearby communities. Dake denied that any
immoral action had taken place, claiming, I did take her there . . .but there was no
immorality involved. I wanted to get her a
job. (Chicago Daily Tribune, May 28,
1936, pg. 17).
When Dake came to trial in
February 1937, he placed himself on the mercy of the court by entering a plea of guilty to
the charge of violating the Mann Act. He was
sentenced to a six-month stay in the House of Corrections in Milwaukee. Dake admitted to having petting parties
with the girl, but again denied any improper relations had occurred between him and the
girl. The Waukegan News-Sun reported, Had
he been found guilty by a trial jury, Rev. Dake would have been subject to a maximum
sentence of 10 years in a federal prison and a fine of $10,000. (Feb. 10, 1937).
Dake called the jail sentence a vacation and said he would
use his incarceration as an opportunity to preach to the prisoners and devote time to
writing a commentary on the Bible.
The Assemblies of God severed its
relationship with Dake, and he later joined the Church of God, Cleveland, Tennessee. It is not clear how his union with the Church of
God ended, but Dake eventually became independent of any church.
- Dake And Mormonism
There is an abundance of confusion in
Dakes Bible and his other writings. None
can be worse than the quote we started this expose with, but other departures from
truth certainly paint a picture of confusion. His
teachings on God the Father that are found in his notes on the book of St. John are
extremely revealing. Read these words
He is a person with a personal
spirit body, a personal soul, and a personal spirit, like that of angels, and like that of
man except His body is out of spirit substance instead of flesh and bones.
He has a personal spirit body;
shape; form; image and likeness of a man. He
has bodily parts such as, back parts, heart, hands and fingers, mouth, lips and tongue,
feet, eyes, ears, hair, head, face, arms, loins, and other bodily parts.
He has bodily presence and goes
from place to place in a body like all other persons.
He has a voice; breath; and
countenance. He wears clothes; eats; rests;
dwells in a mansion and in a city located on a material planet called Heaven; sits on a
throne; walks; rides; engages in other activities.
He has a personal soul with
feelings of grief; anger; repentance; jealousy; hate; love; pity; fellowship; pleasure and
delight; and other soul passions like other beings.
He has a personal spirit with
mind; intelligence; will; power; truth; faith and hope; righteousness; faithfulness;
knowledge and wisdom; reason; discernment; immutability; and many other attributes,
powers, and spirit faculties. (Dakes Annotated Reference Bible, Finis Jennings
Dake, published by Dake Bible Sales, Inc, Lawrenceville, Georgia, New Testament, pp.
I presume this is where Kenneth Copeland
got his Mormon doctrine of God being about 62 tall and weighing about 220
pounds, with a hand span of nine inches. Also,
Benny Hinn is reported to have applied his teaching on Nine numbers in the Godhead
to Dakes Bible. He later confessed that
error and said he was joking with his congregation.
Such ideas about God have no relevance in the
Scripture, although Dake gives multiple quotes to back up this doctrinal commentary.
- Dake Limits Gods Eternal
Here is an unbelievable commentary that
is given within the story of Abraham and his visit by the pre-incarnate Christ. He suggests that God did not know what was
happening in Sodom and Gomorrah and came to find out.
Here we have another proof that God receives knowledge of true
conditions and becomes acquainted with existing facts.
This plainly teaches that God, as well as men and angels, is limited to one
place as far as the body is concerned. The
doctrine of omnipresence of God can be proved, but not His omnibody. In His body He goes from place to place like other
persons. Abraham stood yet before the bodily
presence of God, but not before the bodily presence of the 2 angels because they went to
Sodom and were no longer bodily present. (Dakes Annotated Reference Bible,
Finis Jennings Dake, published by Dake Bible Sales, Inc, Lawrenceville, Georgia, Old
Testament, p. 15.)
It is totally unacceptable to limit God,
who is unlimited. He is omnipresent,
omniscient, and omnipotent. Dakes
confusion arises from identifying this Divine visitor as God the Father, instead of a
pre-Incarnate appearance of the Lord Jesus Christ. Our
God has certainly manifested Himself to different servants, but not His Divine essence. The writer in the New Testament stated plainly,
No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of
the Father, he hath declared him. (John
Dake gets around this by saying, Our
English seen means to see with the eyes and also see with the mind. That it means here to comprehend fully or
understand is clear from the fact that many men have seen God with the eyes. The verse could read, No man has ever
comprehended or experienced God at any time in all His fulness, save the only begotten Son
hath declared Him.
- (Dakes Annotated Reference
Bible, Finis Jennings Dake, published by Dake Bible Sales, Inc, Lawrenceville, Georgia,
New Testament, p. 93.)
- The False Concept Of Little Gods
Dake not only was confused about the
omnipotence of God, but he also taught that man was a miniature of God. In conjunction with Dakes commentary on the
Book of Job, he wrote about the idea called anthropomorphism. Under that heading, he said some strange things. Anthropomorphism is the ascription of human
bodily parts, attributes, and passions to God, and taking the substantiating statements of
Scripture to be literal, and not figurative. In
support of such teaching an appropriate question is: If God did not mean all He said about
Himself in over 20,000 scriptures then why did He say such things? They certainly do not add to a true understanding
of Him if the passages do not mean what they say. Furthermore,
why would God, in hundreds of places, refer to Himself as having bodily parts, soul
passions, and spirit faculties if He does not have them?
Would it be necessary for Him to tell us He has such in order to reveal that
He does not have them? Would He not be more
likely to say in plain language that He does not have eyes, hands, mouth, ears, and other
bodily members? (Dakes Annotated
Reference Bible, Finis Jennings Dake, published by Dake Bible Sales, Inc, Lawrenceville,
Georgia, Old Testament, p. 547.)
His entire statement above seems
childlike and basically ignorant of the revelation of Holy Scripture. Why would someone reduce God down to the level of
men just because God speaks of Himself with words on our level? That is Gods method throughout Scripture
when He uses our language to convey His eternal truth.
Because God said, I saw you, does not mean His eyes are limited
to human shape and size. The Bible said
emphatically, God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit
and in truth. (John 4:24).
From this false concept, it is natural
to move directly to the next step. If God is
man-like, then man must be god-like. Under
the same heading as above, Dake wrote about our god-like state. Truly He is not only all that man, angels,
and other beings are in this respect, but infinitely greater in everything; and man, in
reality, is simply a miniature of God in attributes and powers. (Dakes
Annotated Reference Bible, Finis Jennings Dake, published by Dake Bible Sales, Inc,
Lawrenceville, Georgia, Old Testament, p. 587.)
This statement by Dake does not go as
far as saying what is now being promoted by modern Charismatic leaders, but he does lay
the foundation. His promoting of God as a man
with all the human attributes, combined with the idea of us as miniature Gods, has been
stretched to the present deception of men as little gods.
- Dake Carries The Idea Of Christ
Emptying Himself To A Dangerous Extreme
The Son of God did indeed empty Himself
to become the Son of man. What is extremely
important is that this emptying was not a forsaking of His eternal essence, but an
emptying of manifesting that essence. He was
never void of His divine essence, but He did limit Himself not to express them while
depending wholly on His Father and the Holy Spirit. Dake
either did not understand the above or he willingly rejected it. Here are some of his statements on the subject: Christ emptied Himself of His authority in
heaven and in earth, which was given back to Him after the resurrection. Christ emptied Himself of His divine
attributes and outward powers that He had with the Father from eternity. He had no power to do miracles until He received
the Holy Spirit in all fullness. He could do
nothing of Himself in all His earthly life. He
attributed all His works, doctrines, powers, etc. to the Father through the anointing of
the Holy Spirit. Isaiah speaks of
the Messiah being born without knowledge enough to know to refuse the evil and choose the
good. Isaiah predicted that the
Messiah would be born without the tongue of the learned, without knowing how to speak a
word in season to help any soul, and that He would be wakened day by day to increase in
knowledge and wisdom. He did not
claim the attributes of God, but only the anointing of the Spirit to do His works.
(Dakes Annotated Reference Bible, Finis Jennings Dake, published by Dake Bible
Sales, Inc, Lawrenceville, Georgia, New Testament, p. 218.)
I have tapes in my library with Crouch
and Copeland on a TBN broadcast stating that Jesus never claimed to be God. Those quotes sound almost like a word for word
expression right out of the Dakes Bible. These
men and women, from Dake to almost every key leader of the Charismatic world, talk about
Jesus out of both sides of their mouths. One
moment they seem to exalt Him properly, but then they say these careless things that are
utterly confusing. This gives a perfect
fulfillment of Jesus very words in St. Matthew.
Read these words of the Lord Himself.
For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive
many. (Matthew 24:5).
Finis Dakes Bible is without
question filled with questionable commentaries. It
is not the reading material for young, immature Christians or undiscerning ministers. It has just enough truth to make his error seem
plausible and convincing. He surely has
convinced a host of modern day Pentecostals and Charismatics. No one would suggest that he is singularly
responsible for the theological mess that floods these churches, but neither should he be
excused for his part. Often when a figure
such as Dake is dead, his teaching becomes even more powerful and accepted. Godly men and women must return to the simple Word
of God and quit depending on popular figures to do their interpreting of truth. The Bible will interpret itself if you will:
Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed,
rightly dividing the word of truth. (II Timothy 2:15).