Acts 2:7-12
Acts 2:7 (KJB)
And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans?
Amazed - Astonished or astounded
Marvelled - To wonder, admire, or be bewildered
They must have known by their dialect where they had come from and recognized that they were Galileans. (Mat 26:73 KJV) And after a while came unto him they that stood by, and said to Peter, Surely thou also art one of them; for thy speech bewrayeth thee. At the time Christ was being examined in His trial, Peter was speaking and those who heard Peter knew that he was one of the Galileans because there must have been some type of accent associated with it. This shows that there was definitely a supernatural event going on because these from Galilee were speaking in languages which were not peculiar to that region. Whenever God was at work doing certain miracles, the people were normally amazed. (Luke 4:36 KJV) And they were all amazed, and spake among themselves, saying, What a word is this! for with authority and power he commandeth the unclean spirits, and they come out.
Acts 2:8 (KJB)
And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born?
Here we see another aspect of the miracle of the Pentecost tongues. They were hearing the words in the language of the country where they were born. This would mean that if there was any special dialect or wording which was peculiar to a certain country, the disciples would have used them to communicate clearly the Gospel message being given by the Holy Spirit. This would show clearly that the message the disciples were giving was definitely divine in origin for how would someone from Galilee be able to speak in the tongue of someone from Greece?
Acts 2:9 (KJB)
Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia,
Parthia was about 1200 miles east of Jerusalem. Today we know it as Northeastern Iran.
Media was about 1000 miles northeast of Jerusalem. It was located in western Iran.
Elam was about 700 miles to the east of Jerusalem. It was located in Southwest Iran.
Mesopotamia was about 500 miles to the northeast. It was located in Iraq.
Judaea was the home of Jerusalem and the local people would have been plentiful.
Cappadocia was located about 500 miles north of Jerusalem. It was located in modern day Turkey.
Pontus was about 700 miles north of Jerusalem. It was located on the Black Sea in modern day Turkey.
Asia was Asia Minor. It would have constituted all of modern day Turkey.
Acts 2:10 (KJB)
Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes,
Phrygia was located in west central Turkey. It would have been about 1000 miles from Jerusalem.
Pamphylia was located on the Mediterranean Sea which would be southern Turkey and would be about 900 miles from Jerusalem.
Egypt was located southwest of Jerusalem about 200 miles.
Libya/Cyrene was located in Northern Libya on the Mediterranean Sea. It would have been about 900 miles from Jerusalem.
Strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes would have been those who would come from around the Roman Empire, both those who were born Jews and those who joined the Jewish religion.
Acts 2:11 (KJB)
Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.
Wonderful works - Great things
Cretes were from the Island of Crete. It would have been about 600 miles from Jerusalem by boat.
Arabians would have been from Arabia which was east and southeast of Jerusalem. The distance would have been about 200 miles depending on where they came from.
All of these people groups who had come to the feast of Pentecost were now hearing more than they had ever dreamed of hearing. They were hearing the Gospel preached to them. They would not have heard this in the same old watered down teachings of the Pharisees which was nothing but legalism and the Talmud. They now heard the true teachings of what the Old Testament was all about, the Lord Jesus Christ.
Acts 2:12 (KJB)
And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another, What meaneth this?
Doubt - Perplexed or seeking a solution and not finding one
They were all hearing the words of the Lord come from people who never knew their languages. At the same time they were amazed at this event, they were also in doubt as to what this meant. They must have been reasoning among themselves for quite a while because they could not seem to come up with any type of conclusion as to what was taking place in front of their eyes. The Pharisees thought they were done with Jesus and His followers, but it has only just begun and soon enough the plain truth as to what was happening would be revealed to all the people in attendance at the Feast in Jerusalem.