- Acts 18:21-25
- Acts 18:21 (KJB)
- But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all means keep this feast that
cometh in Jerusalem: but I will return again unto you, if God will. And he
sailed from Ephesus.
- Paul then left Ephesus to keep a feast in Jerusalem. It is not known
what feast Paul was going to keep but perhaps it may have been the Passover.
Paul then makes a promise to them that if the Lord wills, he will return
again to visit them. Paul’s outlook should be the outlook of every
Christian. We must always say and believe when planning something, “if the
Lord wills.” We never know what the next day may hold. We may be able to
fulfill what we have planned or the Lord may have other plans.
- Acts 18:22 (KJB)
- And when he had landed at Caesarea, and gone up, and saluted the church,
he went down to Antioch.
- He had landed in Caesarea and went to Jerusalem which was about 60 miles
(97 KM). Luke does not report that there was any incident while he was
there. So Paul had greeted the church in Jerusalem but did not stay. Instead
he went to the feast and then departed to Antioch. Notice the language in
this verse. He went up to Jerusalem but down to Antioch. Jerusalem was
southeast of Caesarea and Antioch was north of Jerusalem. What Luke had in
mind was the elevation. Jerusalem was higher in elevation than Caesarea and
Antioch was lower in elevation than Jerusalem. An interesting way of
describing the trip. Since a person would be walking up and down, it would
affect the length of the trip. This visit to Antioch had brought Paul’s
second missionary journey to a close.
- Acts 18:23 (KJB)
- And after he had spent some time there, he departed, and went
over all the country of Galatia and Phrygia in order, strengthening
all the disciples.
- Paul had remained in Antioch for some time, probably until the fall of
53 AD. This was Paul’s last visit to Antioch. Then he began his third
missionary journey as he had headed northwest into the provinces of Galatia
and Phrygia. Paul’s third missionary journey encompassed about 1500 miles
(2414 km). Paul never started a church and then forget about them. His
desire was to go back and establish and strengthen the disciples with
teaching and fellowship. He was also concerned about the doctrines being
taught and to make sure the churches were not welcoming false teachers and
teaching. This was the reason for the various epistles he wrote.
- Acts 18:24 (KJB)
- And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent
man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus.
- Eloquent - Learned
- Wile Paul was ministering in Galatia and Phrygia, a man named Apollos
had come to Ephesus. He was born in Alexandria, Egypt on the north coast of
Egypt and was the second largest city in the Roman Empire. Alexandria was
well known for its large library of books but in the second century it
became the center of Gnosticism. Many of the Greek New Testament manuscripts
were changed by means of omissions and additions. All the modern versions of
the Bible are patterned after the Gnostic influence from Alexandria and are
therefore corrupted. Apollos was named after the Apollo the Greek god but
his name was short for Apollonius which meant “pertaining to Apollo.” He was
called an eloquent man who was very learned in the Scriptures.
- Acts 18:25 (KJB)
- This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent
in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord,
knowing only the baptism of John.
- Fervent - Boiling
- Diligently - Accurately
- He no doubt was well taught in the Scriptures and he had a great zeal to
bring the message of the Lord Jesus Christ to many people. The verse states
that he was speaking very accurately. He was like the prophets of old who
carried the message of the Lord and spoke it very strongly to the people.
However, he only knew the baptism of John. This means the whole ministry of
John concerning the remission of sins and repentance. So he did not only
speak about water baptism but spoke of the things John spoke of such as
being baptized with fire and the Holy Ghost. He may not have known that much
of the ministry of Christ such as the miracles or His teachings. Up to the
point of where he was in his understanding of the Scriptures and the
ministry of John, he had clear understanding and shared what he knew with