Acts 13:11-15
Acts 13:11 (KJB)
And now, behold, the hand of the Lord is upon thee, and thou shalt be blind, not seeing the sun for a season. And immediately there fell on him a mist and a darkness; and he went about seeking some to lead him by the hand.
Season - A fixed time
Paul now tells Elymas that the hand of the Lord is upon him and just as he is spiritually blind, he will now become physically blind for a season of time and immediately after Paul warns him, a mist came over him plunging him into darkness. There is always consequences for opposing the truth of the Gospel. We may not see them immediately as Elymas did but they will be evident in the life of anyone who opposes the truth of the Gospel. He then had to find someone to lead him around by the hand.
Acts 13:12 (KJB)
Then the deputy, when he saw what was done, believed, being astonished at the doctrine of the Lord.
The Governor was amazed at what he saw and he knew right then and there that the Gospel which Paul was preaching was the correct one and that Elymas was a counterfeit. As a result of what the Lord did to Elymas, the Governor had believed but what happened to Elymas contributed only minimally to his belief. It was the Doctrine of the Lord or the True Gospel which really caused him to believe. There is evidence that Sergius Paulus had become a true believer because in an Archaeological dig, evidence was found that his son and daughter were baptized believers. The Gospel was now reaching every social stratum, from the poorest people to the Governor.
Acts 13:13 (KJB)
Now when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga in Pamphylia: and John departing from them returned to Jerusalem.
Now Paul and his company had left Cyprus. They left from the port city of Paphos and sailed on to the city of Perga in the area of Pamphylia. It would have been about 160 miles (257 km) northwest of Paphos. It was at this time that John Mark had deserted Paul and returned to Jerusalem. It is not known exactly why John Mark had left them. It may have been because he was from a wealthy home and had servants and wanted to take it a little easier or maybe missionary work was too difficult for him and he could not take the rigorous schedule demanded of missionaries. What ever the reason, it would cause a rift later on.
Acts 13:14 (KJB)
But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and sat down.
When they reached Perga, their next stop was the town of Antioch which was about 100 miles (161 km) almost due north of Perga. This was not the Antioch in Syria which became the hub of Christianity. This Antioch was located in the province of Galatian Phrygia. As Paulís habit was to visit synagogues so as a visiting Rabbi, he had the opportunity to bring the message about Christ to the synagogue. When it states that he sat down, it was referring to one of the seats in the synagogue which was for those who taught. It would have been up front with the other leaders.
Acts 13:15 (KJB)
And after the reading of the law and the prophets the rulers of the synagogue sent unto them, saying, Ye men and brethren, if ye have any word of exhortation for the people, say on.
The standard service in the synagogue would have been the reading of the law from one of the first five books of Moses and then a reading from one of the books of the prophets which would have been Judges, Jeremiah, or Isaiah or one of the other prophets. Once the reading is done, then any visiting Rabbis would have the opportunity to speak. Here Paul was called upon to speak.