- 2 Corinthians 11:26-33
- 2 Cor 11:26 (KJB)
- In journeyings often, in perils of waters, in perils
of robbers, in perils by mine own countrymen, in perils
by the heathen, in perils in the city, in perils in the
wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among false
- Perils - Dangers or hazards
- Journeyings - All the trips to different countries he took to preach the
Gospel, (Rom 15:19 KJV) Through mighty signs and wonders, by the
power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto
Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
- Waters - This would refer to roads which were flooded out because of the
heavy seasonal rains. This would make travel very hard for someone who was
walking because of mud.
- Robbers - In the hill country there were always thieves who were ready
to pounce on the weary travelers.
- Countrymen - Paul was also in peril because of the Jews. Wherever he
went they had tried to compromise his gospel and get rid of him.
- Heathen - Men like Demetrius and Alexander the Coppersmith were always
causing trouble for Paul. (2 Tim 4:14 KJV) Alexander the coppersmith
did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works: (Acts 19:24
KJV) For a certain man named Demetrius, a silversmith, which made
silver shrines for Diana, brought no small gain unto the craftsmen;
- In the City - Paul was stoned at Philippi and in the middle of a tumult
at Ephesus and Thessalonica. (Acts 17:6 KJV) And when they found them
not, they drew Jason and certain brethren unto the rulers of the city,
crying, These that have turned the world upside down are come hither also;
- In the Wilderness - Paul spent much time in the wilderness between
cities. There would have been times that Paul was cold at night because of
traveling in Winter and hot in the day when traveling in Summer.
- In the sea - Paul spent time in the seas with not only shipwrecks but
also on ships going to different parts of the Mediterranean where sudden
storms could come up and cause problems.
- Among false Brethren - There were those who pretended to be Christians
but in fact they were really Judaizers trying to bring Paul’s converts back
under the law.
- 2 Cor 11:27 (KJB)
- In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often,
in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.
- Weariness - Labors and troubles
- Painfulness - Hardship or exertion
- Watchings - Sleeplessness
- Paul continues on with his record of sufferings for the cause of Christ.
He suffered much labor weariness because he was always doing something for
the cause of Christ and he definitely suffered from exertion of the body
because many times he would over expend himself. Many times he was sleepless
and without food and water which amounted to a fast, not of a religious
nature, but one that may have been self-imposed so there would be no
interruption in the ministry. He never had much clothing with him because if
you did not travel light in those days, you were very much hindered plus
Paul did not posses much of this world‘s goods and that was probably the
reason he suffered from being scantily clothed, even in winter. His main
concern was to get the Gospel of Christ out to wherever God sent him and he
was not overly concerned with the world’s goods.
- 2 Cor 11:28 (KJB)
- Beside those things that are without, that which cometh upon me daily,
the care of all the churches.
- There were many things that the Apostle Paul had faced which he did not
bother to list. He concerned himself with the things that had daily
priority. Those things would have been dealing with the brethren, prayer
time, also giving counsel to those who came to him. He also concerned
himself with the care of all the churches which he helped to plant. Those
churches and their problems could have kept ten people busy never mind just
- 2 Cor 11:29 (KJB)
- Who is weak, and I am not weak? who is offended,
and I burn not?
- Weak - Sick, unhealthy, or in need
- Offended - To put a stumbling block or cause to fall
- Paul had identified with those who have become spiritually weak and
those who were physically weak as a result from much ministry. He wanted
them to know that if anyone was feeling very weak, that he too, was also
weak in the flesh. He also asks is there anyone who is offended or has
stumbled because of sin? He then states that he burns hot against the sin
which has so easily ensnared a person. The false teachers in Corinth had
helped to try and shipwreck the faith of some of the brethren and this would
cause a snare in their life. The Greek word for “offended “ is “skandalon”
and we get our word “scandal” from it. Those caught in a scandal are
normally brought down into disgrace.
- 2 Cor 11:30 (KJB)
- If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things which
concern mine infirmities.
- Glory - Boast
- Infirmities - Weakness
- With Paul continuing to face down his critics at Corinth, he states here
that he is only going to boast of the things which concern his weaknesses.
This way he would be highlighting the fact that he totally leans on the Lord
for strength and in this way God gets the glory instead of Paul. The false
teachers were always boasting about themselves and in their boasting they
would always bring glory to themselves and this Paul was careful not to do,
showing the difference between his dependence on the Lord and the false
teachers depending upon themselves.
- 2 Cor 11:31 (KJB)
- The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is blessed for
evermore, knoweth that I lie not.
- The false teachers at Corinth had made claims that Paul was doing very
little in the ministry compared to them. He had just given a long list of
the suffering he did for the true ministry of Christ and to make sure that
his readers understand that he is not fabricating his sufferings, he calls
God as a witness to the fact that he did suffer all these things for the
cause of Christ. Paul also inserts a praise to God within his statement.
(Deu 6:13 KJV) Thou shalt fear the LORD
thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name.
Paul was following the command found in Deuteronomy 6:13
that a truth allowed a person to swear by the name of God that what was
being stated was true. This is what Paul did when he invoked the name of God
as his witness for his ministry and his suffering.
- 2 Cor 11:32 (KJB)
- In Damascus the governor under Aretas the king kept the city of the
Damascenes with a garrison, desirous to apprehend me:
- According to Josephus, The Aretas in view here was Aretas IV Philopatris
who was the father in law of Herod Antipas. Herod Antipas had married a
daughter of Aretas, but afterwards discarded her in favor of Herodias. This
led to a war with Aretas in which Antipas was defeated. The Governor under
him who was probably like a mayor of Damascus is unknown to us but no doubt
Paul had riled up the Jews who were in Damascus and these Jews probably went
to the Governor and made a deal with him to try and apprehend Paul she could
be done away with. (Acts 9:24 KJV) But
their laying await was known of Saul. And they watched the gates day and
night to kill him.
- 2 Cor 11:33 (KJB)
- And through a window in a basket was I let down by the wall, and escaped
- (Acts 9:25 KJV) Then the disciples took him
by night, and let him down by the wall in a basket.
The situation was similar to when Rahab had let down the
two spies out of the window. The house that Paul was in was built on the
wall of the city so when they let him down, he would have been on the
outside of the city and would have escaped the notice of those soldiers who
were watching the gates. It is escapes like this that Paul gave God the
glory for and realized that he could never boast of himself but of God who
cared for him.