- 1 Peter 5:1-5
- 1 Pet 5:1 (KJB)
- The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an
elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker
of the glory that shall be revealed:
- Elders - Presbyter or Older man
- Exhort - Encourage
- Witness - One who observes physically like an eye witness
- Here Peter begins his exhortation of the elders among the Christians who
read his epistle. Once the leadership is encouraged, they can pass on that
encouragement to the people in the church. Peter also identifies himself as
an elder and one who was an eye witness to the sufferings of Christ. Peter
was right there and he was even accused of being a follower of Christ until
he denied the Lord three times. Peter also states that he too is going to be
a partaker of the glory which will soon come unto the believers with the
forthcoming persecutions. Peter will soon be crucified as the prophecy of
his death told by the Lord will soon come to pass.
- 1 Pet 5:2 (KJB)
- Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight
thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy
lucre, but of a ready mind;
- Feed - Shepherd
- Oversight - Oversee or care for
- Constraint - Compulsion or obligation
- Filthy Lucre - Base or illegal gain
- Peter is encouraging the elders to shepherd the flock. Remember the
Lordís words to Peter. (John 21:17 KJV)
He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou
me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou
me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I
love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
This is the responsibility of church leaders as they are
to feed the flock and care for them by building them up in the fear and
nurture of the Lord. The mindset the leader is supposed to have is one of a
ready mind who is willing to lead the flock, if God so raises that person up
into leadership capacity. Not everyone is empowered to be a leader and Peter
is making a contrast in mindsets. The one who does by obligation or feels
compelled to do it will most likely be a poor leader. Then there is the
leader who likes to lead for filthy lucre or dishonest gain. It doesnít
necessary mean big money but can also mean they like the celebrity position
and that can lead to troubles where they might eventually over-state their
importance and then go after the big money and may even do illegal things
behind the backs of the congregation. This has happened more than once in
the church scene.
- 1 Pet 5:3 (KJB)
- Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but
being ensamples to the flock.
- Being lords over - Be master or to subjugate someone
- Heritage - Lot or portion
- Ensamples - Pattern, model, or example
- Peter further exhorts these leaders that they are not to act as if they
are lords of the flock because it was Christ who died for the people and not
them. The flock does not belong to them as the verse speaks of the flock as
Godís heritage or portion. No leader is to act despotic toward the flock of
God especially while they are undergoing persecution. It may surprise the
leaders, but they would normally be the first ones taken and this is why
they are to be examples to the flock. The sheep must see the leaders acting
like Christians at all times and not like the world. It is a shame that so
many Pastors in todayís churches seem to act like the flock belongs to them.
This makes for very tension filled church and all the spirituality is either
forced or faked. It would never be a true church if the Pastor constantly
beats the sheep.
- 1 Pet 5:4 (KJB)
- And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of
glory that fadeth not away.
- When the elders are ruling in a proper way, it makes for a very
spiritual and safe congregation for the sheep. Then in this verse Peter
states that when the Lord Jesus Christ, who is the chief Shepherd, shall
return, the elders will receive a crown of glory that will never fade away.
This verse has been used to teach that Pastors will receive a special crown
but what is in view here is that all true believers will receive the crown
of glory which is eternal life. Remember the promise of the glory we all
will share when the Lord returns. It will come when all the suffering of
this world is behind us. (Rev 1:6 KJV)
And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be
glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen. The
Lord, through His death and resurrection, made us kings and priests. A king
normally wears a crown and that is the symbolism that we have here when it
speaks of crowns. There is no super spiritual class or caste system in
Heaven among the believers. The crown of glory is the glory imputed to the
believers by the Lord Jesus Christ.
- 1 Pet 5:5 (KJB)
- Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. Yea,
all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with
humility: for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the
- Likewise - In the same way
- Submit - Be subject
- Clothed - Cover or clothe oneself
- Resisteth - Sets himself against
- Now Peter turns to the younger believers. Just as the elders are to be
subject unto the Lord so they will not be ruling despots, in the same
manner, the younger believers are to be subjected to the elders. The word
ďsubmitĒ in the Greek is in the Imperative mood which makes this a command.
In other words, the younger believers are to be subject unto the elders,
whether they like it or not. This is Godís way of growing them and for
keeping order in the church. (1 Tim 3:6
KJV) Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the
condemnation of the devil. Paul had exhorted
Timothy that they are never to place a novice or new believer in any
position of authority since they really are not spiritually ready and that
lack of spirituality will cause their flesh to rise up and begin to rule as
a despot. This is why those who come out of Seminary should never take a
pastorate immediately. They should go out and work for at least five years
and live among the people and get to know their daily problems and then they
will be qualified to rule because it will be a rule with understanding.
- Peter also exhorts that everybody be subject to everybody and that
simply means look upon someone else as more important than yourself.
(Phil 2:4 KJV) Look not every man on his own
things, but every man also on the things of others.
God calls us to be clothed with humility as if we are
given a robe to put on. If we do not clothe ourselves in humility, then God
will set Himself against us. He will humble us if we do not humble ourselves
and Godís methods will probably be much harder than volunteering.
(Prov 3:34 KJV) Surely he scorneth the
scorners: but he giveth grace unto the lowly.
Proverbs 3:34 teaches us that God will Himself scorn the scorners but His
grace, acceptance, or favor will He give to those who are humble. If we want
to experience Godís best, then we do it Godís way.